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N-BUTYLBENZENE/NORMAL BUTYLBENZENE (NBB), CAS 104-51-8

 

NORMAL BUTYLBENZENE

 

N-Butyl Benzene or NBB is an organic compound with the chemical formula C10H14.

The CAS number of this compound is 104-51-8. It is a colourless almost pale yellow liquefied gas at room temperature. Butylbenzene has 2 isomers of which n-butylbenzene contains a phenyl group attached to the 1 position of the butyl group. It has a sweet aroma and is slightly greasy in texture. It is a highly flammable liquid and evaporates speedily. Normal Butyl Benzene is less dense than water and insoluble in it.

 

Physical and Chemical properties:

Physical state: Gas (at room temperature)
Appearance: Colourless liquified gas
Odour: Slightly sweet
Solubility in water: 11.8 mg/L
Solubility: alcohol, ether, benzene
Chemical formula: C10H14
CAS: 104-51-8
Molar mass: 134.222 g·mol−1
Appearance: Colorless to pale yellow liquid
Density: 0.8601 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Melting point: −87.9 °C (−126.2 °F; 185.2 K)
Boiling point: 183.3 °C (361.9 °F; 456.4 K)
Synonyms: 1-phenylbutane Butylbenzene

Uses and Applications:

  • N-Butyl Benzene or NBB can undergo oxidation to form butyrophenone. This chemical compound can be used in the production of N-aryl azoles through an oxidant-free and selective C(sp-2)-H animation reaction.
  • CAS number 104-51-8 is often used in the synthesis of alkylated pentacene and ladder-type oligo(p-phenylene)s to improve its solubility in commonly used organic solvents.
  • NBB can be utilised as a plasticizer, surface active agent, polymer linking agent and as a solvent for coatings.
  • It is also used in the making of plastic as a solvent and is found in asphalt components and naphtha constituents.

Other applications of NBB include:

  • Specialty Solvent: NBB finds its application in the synthesis of intermediates like Para Butyl Aniline and Ortho Butyl Aniline
  • Thermic Fluids: Used in formulating Thermic Fluids that can be used as a Cooling Media
  • Detergents: Sulfates of NBB are used as raw materials in Industrial Metal Cutting Fluids

Vinati Organics is one of the largest producers of organic normal Butyl Benzene (NBB) in India supplying it to various industries and companies across the country.

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